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Description
TitleHistorical perspectives of Ho Chi minh City growing with water related challenges
AuthorGédéon, L., Guillemot, F. and Senna, E.
Date2017-10-16
KeywordsSaigon River Project
AbstractThe history of Saigon on the long term is closely linked to the river that shares its name. This communication focuses on three main aspects of the interactions between the town and its water network. The first part examines some key elements of the urban history of Saigon. The city’s shape is due to the French military presence in Cochinchina. In 1790, Gia-Dinh is redesigned as a citadel on the Saigon River, and there are still traces in the current urban morphology of the ancient canals. But the master plan is really drawn decades later. From 1862, the French Navy design and build Saigon, as the main naval base and capital for the conquered Cochinchina. The second part presents how the civilian power inherits of this grown-up city, at the turn of the century. The historical archives reveal new concerns and approaches in the management of water. A micro-historical approach allows seizing the making of the city « seen from the bottom ». The construction of the current area of Ben Thanh Market on the Boresse marsh in the early 20th century appears as a good case study. The issues of the early twentieth century echoes, to a certain extent and on different scales, that of the beginning of the twenty-first century. Finally, the last part focuses on the economic function of the Chinese arroyo during the twentieth century. From this local experience, the perspective to nowadays industrial zones of Ho Chi Minh City, is analyzed in terms of specialization and location.
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